Hunger and severe malnutrition are surging in fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCASs), which often struggle to sustain resilient food, land, and water systems (FLWSs) in the face of the climate crisis. Some 1.5 billion people live in FCASs; they face significant livelihood challenges, compounded by climate change, unsustainable resource consumption, poor governance, weak social cohesion, and a lack of access to basic services. By 2030, an estimated two-thirds of the world’s extremely poor will live in FCASs. Conflict and forced migration often result from and further escalate the humanitarian and development challenges FCASs face. As of 2022, an alarming 103 million individuals globally were forcibly displaced, with 80% of them suffering from acute food insecurity and high levels of malnutrition. 83% of the world’s international refugees, many of whom have been displaced for years, even decades, are hosted by low and middle-income countries.
The CGIAR Research Initiative on Fragility, Conflict, and Migration aims to enhance the resilience of food, land, and water systems in fragile and conflict-affected settings, where migration-related challenges are prevalent. By taking a systems approach and working in partnership with local stakeholders, the Initiative seeks to generate evidence to inform effective policies and programs that promote social and gender equity, climate resilience, conflict mitigation, and peace building in these settings.