Harnessing Opportunities for Informed Investments in the Sorghum Commodity Value Chain in Tanzania: A Business Case
This study was conducted among sorghum farmers, focus groups, seed producers and extension officers in 10 districts of Tanzania to map out business opportunities along the sorghum value chain. Results obtained demonstrated that socio-economic factors such as number of years spent in school, group membership, availability of free seeds, market accessibility and seed accessibility influenced the adoption of improved varieties among sorghum farmers. Improved sorghum seeds reflected the profitability from positive gross benefits obtained among sorghum farmers and seed producers. The general adoption rate among sorghum farmers was low (39.0%), with variety NACO Mtama 1 having the highest adoption rate among farmers (17.0%). Among traders, a majority were large off-takers (79.0%). These off-takers experienced issues such as quality (71.4%), quantity (15.9%), lack of market information (7.9%), unreliable markets (36.3%), low grain quality (24.8%) and high tax levies (10.6%). Further, financial constraints and poor linkages among stakeholders were some inefficiencies in the sorghum value chain. The study recommends greater accessibility to improved sorghum seeds as well as reliable policies that enable processes for sorghum stakeholders along the sorghum value chain.