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Sustainable Animal Productivity
Livestock is a fast-growing, high-value agricultural subsector accounting for 15–80% of GDP in low- and middle-income countries, yet malnutrition remains high in livestock-dependent communities. In Africa and Asia, demand for livestock products is expected to grow 200% by 2030 — an opportunity for hundreds of millions of small- to medium-scale livestock producers to provide nutrient-dense foods for their families, countries and regions.
However, productivity is extremely low: the average milk yield of a cow in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia is 6% and 12%, respectively, of a cow in an OECD country, and within the production system, yield gaps are high for all species. Value chain governance structures prevent producers fully benefiting from markets and commercializing their farms. Women, who do most of the work caring for livestock, have limited control over resources and decisions, and youth are marginalized from income-generation opportunities and assets. Non-optimal use of livestock genetic potential, lack of quality feeds, and poor animal husbandry and animal health can deplete natural resources and increase greenhouse gas emissions. Livestock producers also face risks from climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic.
This Initiative aims to contribute to transforming livestock sectors in target countries to make them more productive, resilient, equitable and sustainable.