Assessing the environmental impacts of intervention packages in pig production systems in Uganda. CLEANED baseline and scenario assessment report
There is an increase in demand for livestock derived foods (LDFs) i.e., dairy, meat and eggs in sub-Saharan Africa (Enahoro et al. 2019). In Uganda, it is estimated that LDFs demand will increase by 337% by 2050, due to increasing population, incomes and urbanization (Enahoro et al. 2018). Over 80% of Ugandans live in rural areas and derive a living directly or indirectly from agriculture (FAO 2021).
Livestock as a sub-sector of agriculture accounts for 17% of total agricultural produce and 4.3% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (FAO 2019). As of 2018, the country’s animal population stood at 14.2 million cattle, 16 million goats, 4.5 million sheep, 47.6 million poultry and 4.2 million pigs (UBOS, 2018). The pig population has since increased by 11.2% to meet current pork demand (Twine et al. 2020). Piggery is an important sector in Uganda and a source of livelihood to over 1.1 million households (Kawuma 2017) . The country has the highest per capita consumption of pork in sub-Saharan Africa with an estimate of 3.3 kg/person/year (FAO 2020).
This provides a market opportunity to improve pig productivity and incomes of value chain actors.
Pig production is predominantly practiced by smallholder households in Masaka, Kalungu, Kayunga, Lira, Mukono among other regions under extensive systems, small numbers of peri-urban small scale semiintensive farms and a few large modern intensive farms producing for commercial purposes (Twine et al. 2020).
This study aims to answer the following research questions:
1. What are the current land, soil, water and GHGe footprints of extensive and intensive pig production systems in Mukono and Masaka?
2. What are the environmental trade-offs associated with the implementation of integrated MorePork
program packages in extensive and intensive pig production systems in Mukono and Masaka?
Rubayiza, Isaac; Mwema, Emmanuel; Mukiri, Jessica; Lutakome, Pius; Ouma, Emily; Paul, Birthe K.; Notenbaert, An Maria Omer.