Assessing the environmental impacts of intervention packages in dairy systems in Tanzania. CLEANED baseline and scenario assessment report

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The Tanzania dairy value chain is recognized as a promising pathway for achieving food security, improving livelihoods and enhancing overall economic growth (Katjiuongua and Nelgen, 2014).

Livestock production is important in Tanzania contributing to about 30% of agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 7% of country’s total GDP (United Republic of Tanzania (URT), 2018).

About 70% of the Tanzanian population is engaged in farming including livestock production with 50% of all households keeping livestock; 62% and 23% in rural and urban households respectively (Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Department,2015).

Smallholder farmers are the major dairy producers in Tanzania.

These are predominantly found in heterogeneous mixed crop-livestock farming systems and pastoral systems (Thornton & Herrero, 2014).

Tanzania is a net importer of liquid and powder milk to meet the countries demand (Baregu, 2017).

This offers an opportunity of building the dairy value chain and providing jobs and income in Tanzania. However,a number of challenges face the production of dairy systems. These include low genetic potential, animal health, poor market linkages (Maleko, et al., 2018a; Maleko, et al., 2018b)

To address these challenges the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock (Livestock CRP) has been implementing the Maziwa Zaidi project since 2012, with the overall vision of achieving inclusive and sustainable development of the smallholder dairy value chain (Kawuma et al., 2017). This is in line with the Tanzania Development Vision (TDV) (URT, 1999). Now, in its second phase, the overall objective of the project is to pilot uptake of dairy technology packages through institutional approaches that involve inclusive agribusiness models for improved livelihoods of smallholders and environmental sustainability in Tanzania

Mangesho, Walter; Mukiri, Jessica; Mwema, Emmanuel; Ngoteya, Godfrey; Omore, Amos O.; Paul, Birthe K.; Notenbaert, An Maria Omer

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