Trees on Farms as a Nature-based Solution for Biodiversity Conservation in Agricultural Landscapes: Policy Considerations and Proposed Indicators Focused on Trees on Farms for an Enhanced New Aichi Biodiversity Target 7

For the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, it will no longer be sufficient to seek to limit biodiversity loss through agriculture. Instead, agriculture must become an integral element of sustainable landscapes a force for conserving biodiversity and providing vital ecosystem services to local populations and securing livelihoods. Trees on farms (TonF) play a critical role in contributing to biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes through in-situ conservation, by connecting fragmented wild habitats and providing stepping-stones between protected area networks and conserving soil biodiversity and agrobiodiversity.