Chapter 3. Pesticide Application, Safety, and Selection Criteria for Fall Armyworm Control
The fall armyworm (FAW) has been effectively managed in the Americas for decades using a Good Agricultural Practices–Integrated Pest Management (GAP-IPM) approach. GAP-IPM uses a combination of the control methods described in this manual, including host plant resistance, cultural control, biological control, and pesticides. This chapter will provide and summarize information about the efficacy of pesticides (both synthetic and biopesticides) from rigorously conducted experiments, review application parameters that maximize efficacy, and discuss insect resistance management (IRM). The chapter also quantifies the risks to human health and the environment that must be considered in the face of limited access by farmers to education and personal protective equipment (PPE).