Limpopo and Incomati Basins
Southern Africa’s shared basins are integral to the region’s landscape. Basins like the Limpopo and Incomati (shared by four and three countries, respectively) face extreme water stress due to high levels of water resources development, mainly for agriculture. Increasingly frequent manifestations of climate variability and change (usually droughts) challenge resource managers’ ability to satisfy and balance the water requirements of WEFE sectors. Frameworks for coordinating the use of water and other resources across borders exist but have not been fully harnessed. NEXUS Gains will work in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini and Zimbabwe to foster inclusive and equitable approaches to water resource use. Specific work is centered on enhancing the use of integrated water storage approaches in the Shashe catchment (Botswana, Zimbabwe) and developing a decision support system (DSS) for the newly established Incomati Maputo Watercourse Commission (INMACOM). Capacity enhancement activities will support countries to participate in the co-development of nexus solutions.
Read about the Initiative’s work in other target basins: