Nested‐association mapping (NAM)‐based genetic dissection uncovers candidate genes for seed and pod weights in peanut (Arachis hypogaea)

Abstract

Multiparental genetic mapping populations such as nested-association mapping (NAM) havegreat potential for investigating quantitative traits and associated genomic regions leading torapid discovery of candidate genes and markers. To demonstrate the utility and power of thisapproach, two NAM populations, NAM_Tifrunner and NAM_Florida-07, were used for dissectinggenetic control of 100-pod weight (PW) and 100-seed weight (SW) in peanut. Two high-densitySNP-based genetic maps were constructed with 3341 loci and 2668 loci for NAM_Tifrunner andNAM_Florida-07, respectively. The quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis identified 12 and 8major effect QTLs for PW and SW, respectively, in NAM_Tifrunner, and 13 and 11 major effectQTLs for PW and SW, respectively, in NAM_Florida-07. Most of the QTLs associated with PW andSW were mapped on the chromosomes A05, A06, B05 and B06. A genomewide associationstudy (GWAS) analysis identified 19 and 28 highly significant SNP–trait associations (STAs) inNAM_Tifrunner and 11 and 17 STAs in NAM_Florida-07 for PW and SW, respectively. Thesesignificant STAs were co-localized, suggesting that PW and SW are co-regulated by severalcandidate genes identified on chromosomes A05, A06, B05, and B06. This study demonstratesthe utility of NAM population for genetic dissection of complex traits and performing high-resolution trait mapping in peanut.

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