A review of animal health and drug use practices in India, and their possible link to antimicrobial resistance

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Livestock production, particularly the dairy sector, is important for food and nutritional well-being of communities in India. It supports livelihoods of many farmers and contributes to the economy of the country. India is a high consumer of antibiotics and antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are a major public health concern.

The objectives of this study were to identify animal health and drug use practices that may contribute to the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance in the country, review previous antimicrobial resistance mitigation strategies and discuss ‘theory of change’ as an approach to informing the choice of interventions.

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