One CGIAR Global Webinar Series on Genome Editing in Agriculture: Innovations for Sustainable Production and Food Systems
The CGIAR is going through a dynamic reformulation that advances integration of its partnerships, knowledge, assets, and global presence to transform progress in key areas where innovation is needed to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Moving forward, the One CGIAR will implement a phased approach to research delivery with the imperative of seeking multiple benefits across CGIAR’s impact areas, co-creation with partners, and enhanced performance for effectively responding to the food security and related human welfare as well as climatic challenges.
The Crops to End Hunger initiative seeks to “accelerate and modernize the development, delivery and widescale use of a steady stream of new crop varieties developed to meet the food, nutrition and income needs of producers and consumers, respond to market demand and provide resilience to pests, diseases and new environmental challenges arising from climate change.” The CGIAR’s Excellence in Breeding Platform will leverage “innovations in the public and private sector to provide access to cutting-edge tools, services, and best practices” needed to modernize plant breeding across the CGIAR and national breeding programs to develop more resilient, productive, and nutritious crop varieties in the developing world.
Both Crops to End Hunger and the Excellence in Breeding Platform emphasize the critical need to modernize plant breeding programs if we are to realize the productivity, nutritional and sustainability potential of agriculture and food systems in developing countries. Doing so requires transformative strategies, including integration of cutting-edge, advanced breeding tools and technologies that can be used to tackle seemingly intractable problems that have eluded conventional plant breeding approaches to date. The application of a suite of new plant breeding techniques, particularly genome editing4, is advancing trait gains in both commodity and highvalue horticultural crops, largely driven by private sector investment and innovation. Accessing and applying genome editing tools in CGIAR plant breeding programs has the potential to accelerate delivery of key targets for abiotic and biotic stress tolerances, nutritional improvements, and quality traits designed to meet evolving market demands, with benefits accruing to farmers, value-chain actors, and consumers.
The One CGIAR reform coupled with the forecasted impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on global food security have highlighted the need for science-based deliberations on the use of genome editing to accelerate crop improvement within CGIAR research programs. Several CGIAR institutions are already working on applications of genome editing in plants (and also in animals). Developments are advancing at a rapid pace and many countries are in the process of considering how to best realize the contributions that gene editing can make to improving agriculture and food systems, with particular attention to how genome edited products may or may not be regulated. This has similarly been a topic of discussion by CGIAR institutions, and efforts have been undertaken to advance a fit-for-purpose CGIAR policy.
To advance these efforts, a webinar series is planned that will bring CGIAR centers and partners together with policy makers, academics, innovators and other stakeholders to take stock of current research and applications of genome editing within CGIAR, and address related topics that will impact the enabling environment needed to translate research into practice, raising the profile of the genome editing discussions among CGIAR and its partners (see Annex I for a provisional outline). Learnings from the webinar series will be used to develop a white paper/policy document that will describe a One CGIAR approach to delivering on the promise of genome editing for agriculture. The draft policy document will be the focus of a round-table dialogue with CGIAR leadership with the objective of formalizing a policy/position statement for sharing across the CGIAR and its partners through a series of regional workshops, and the launch of a One CGIAR Community of Practice (CoP) for Genome Editing in Agriculture with the goal of developing and sharing best practices, guidelines, and strategies for research, development, and deployment of genome edited agricultural products.
The webinar series will cover a number of timely topics, including:
Applications of genome editing for crop and livestock improvement across CGIAR: An overview of the ongoing work in various CGIAR centers providing context for and examples of agricultural applications of the technology in plant and animal agriculture.
Regulation of genome edited plants and animals: Exploring considerations that may impact how or when genome edited products may trigger regulatory oversight, with examples from various countries.
Path to commercialization for genome editing crops: Addressing considerations of environmental and food safety for broad categories of genome edited plants (SDN1, SDN2 and SDN3). Exploring issues related to commercial release of genome edited plants, such as stewardship, trade, and regulatory and policy harmonization.
Webinar 1: Genome Editing in Agriculture: Innovations for Sustainable Production and Food Systems – 22 Sept 2020
Webinar 2: Applications of Genome Editing in Agriculture: CGIAR Focus on Crop Improvement – 29 Sept 2020
Webinar 3: Applications of Genome Editing in Agriculture: CGIAR Focus on Livestock and Aquaculture – 6 Oct 2020
Webinar 4: Regulation and Genome Edited Plants – 13 Oct 2020
Webinar 5: Path to Commercialization for Genome Edited Crops – 20 Oct 2020