Impact Area:
Climate adaptation
& mitigation

Improving small-scale producers’
resilience and reducing greenhouse
gas emissions from food systems.

Photo credit: Neil Palmer/CIAT.

Climate change poses major risks for food production, livelihoods and nutrition through high temperatures, erratic rainfall, drought, flooding, and sea level rise.

Photo credit: P. Vishwanathan/CCAFS.

On the flip side, agriculture and food systems produce almost a third of global greenhouse gas emissionsyet they could be a global carbon sink.

Photo by H. J. Appleby/IWMI.

Supporting vulnerable small-scale producers to adapt to climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agrifood value chains are essential for sustaining food systems and ensuring food and nutrition security.


Through research and innovation, CGIAR aims to contribute to collective global targets for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation:

  1. Implement all National Adaptation Plans and Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement.
  2. Equip 500 million small-scale producers to be more resilient to climate shocks, with climate adaptation solutions available through national innovation systems.
  3. Turn agriculture and forest systems into a net sink for carbon by 2050, with emissions from agriculture decreasing by 1 Gt per year by 2030 and reaching a floor of 5 Gt per year by 2050.

To do this, CGIAR Initiatives will:

  • Provide scientific evidence and climate-smart solutions and unlock innovative finance that feed into local, national, regional, and global processes governing land use, land restoration, forest conservation, and resilience to floods and droughts, contributing to climate action, peace, and security.
  • Co-develop production systems and portfolios of practices, adapted to the local needs of small-scale producers to enhance their adaptive capacity while reducing emissions, and provide affordable and accessible climate-informed services, particularly using digital tools.
  • Focus on adaptation to a changing climate through adapted breeds and varieties, for example heat tolerant livestock breeds, strains and crosses, drought-tolerant maize, and heat-tolerant beans; and on inclusion of long-term accessions in genebanks to provide solutions for future climates.

All CGIAR Initiatives will contribute to Climate Adaptation and Mitigation. Below, browse a selection of Initiatives that primarily contribute to this Impact Area.

To see CGIAR Innovations already contributing to climate adaptation and mitigation, click here.