Seroepidemiology of selected transboundary animal diseases in goats in Zambia
Transboundary pathogens of goats present significant constraints to the livelihoods of millions of farmers in countries such as Zambia. Consequently, this study, published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (Sept 2022), aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, foot and mouth disease virus, Brucella spp., Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever virus and Rift Valley fever virus in Zambian goats. Another aim was to identify associations between seroprevalence and different predictor variables, such as trade and border proximity.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to describe the presence of antibodies for contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever in the Zambian goat population.
While the association between seroprevalence and trade and border proximity generally appeared negligible, it is recommended that their influence is further evaluated in future studies, preferably through in-depth longitudinal studies incorporating impacts of different biosecurity measures and trade variations, linked to for example seasonality and trade peaks.
Lysholm, S., Lindahl, J.F., Dautu, G., Johansson, E., Bergkvist, P.K., Munyeme, M. and Wensman, J.J. 2022. Seroepidemiology of selected transboundary animal diseases in goats in Zambia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 206: 105708.