Resource recovery for briquettes and empowerment of women in humanitarian conditions in Kenya
Severe energy poverty in humanitarian conditions undermines the food security of refugees and host community members. Northern Kenya’s arid climate makes implementing conventional rain-fed agriculture difficult. This area is therefore mainly inhabited by pastoralists. At the same time, the area hosts refugees who have migrated from their homes due to conflicts and famine. The arrival of refugees exerts pressure on the already fragile natural resources in the host communities. Often the donor agencies provide food aid through the provision of grain and cooking oil to refugees. Where fuel is provided, it meets about 10 % of the cooking energy need (Njenga et al., 2015).