Inbreeding effects on the performance and genomic prediction for polysomic tetraploid potato offspring grown at high nordic latitudes
Inbreeding depression (ID) is caused by increased homozygosity in the offspring after selfing. Although the self-compatible, highly heterozygous, tetrasomic polyploid potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) suffers from ID, some argue that the potential genetic gains from using inbred lines in a sexual propagation system of potato are too large to be ignored. The aim of this research was to assess the effects of inbreeding on potato offspring performance under a high latitude and the accuracy of the genomic prediction of breeding values (GEBVs) for further use in selection. Four inbred (S1) and two hybrid (F1) offspring and their parents (S0) were used in the experiment, with a field layout of an augmented design with the four S0 replicated in nine incomplete blocks comprising 100, four-plant plots at Umeå (63°49’30″ N 20°15’50″ E), Sweden. S0 was significantly (p < 0.01) better than both S1 and F1 offspring for tuber weight (total and according to five grading sizes), tuber shape and size uniformity, tuber eye depth and reducing sugars in the tuber flesh, while F1 was significantly (p < 0.01) better than S1 for all tuber weight and uniformity traits. Some F1 hybrid offspring (15-19%) had better total tuber yield than the best-performing parent. The GEBV accuracy ranged from -0.3928 to 0.4436. Overall, tuber shape uniformity had the highest GEBV accuracy, while tuber weight traits exhibited the lowest accuracy. The F1 full sib’s GEBV accuracy was higher, on average, than that of S1. Genomic prediction may facilitate eliminating undesired inbred or hybrid offspring for further use in the genetic betterment of potato.