Greenhouse gas mitigation potential of food systems and approach to quantify them (Seminar Report)
Today’s food system faces triple challenges of feeding an increasing population, adapting to and mitigating climate change. Climate change impacts all components of food systems (production, delivery, and consumption) affecting all pillars of food security (food availability, access, utilization and stability). On the other hand, the current food system is the significant source (23-35%) of total anthropogenic GHG emission (IPCC, 2019). Recent evidence suggests that coordinated actions are required to improve land, enhance food security and nutrition and help to end hunger in the face of climate change. Action and investment in the sector have been constrained by the lack of policy-relevant and science-based methods of estimating GHG emission and quantifying mitigation potential that contribute to decision-making.