First PCR confirmed anthrax outbreaks in Ethiopia–Amhara region, Ethiopia 2018–2019
Anthrax is a disease that affects humans and animals. In Ethiopia, anthrax is a reportable disease and assumed to be endemic, although laboratory confirmation has not been routinely performed until recently. This research study describes the findings from the investigation of two outbreaks in Amhara region.
Both outbreaks were controlled through active case finding, carcass management, ring vaccination of livestock, training of health professionals and outreach with livestock owners. Human and animal health authorities should work together using a One Health approach to improve case reporting and vaccine coverage.