Extension approaches to promote effective adoption of agroforestry practices: Lessons learned from Indonesia
There are commonly two main reasons why agroforestry is a popular topic discussed in the context of rural development. Firstly, agroforestry is often seen to offer a balance between conservation and production in farming systems to provide socio-economic and ecological benefits, rather than either conservation or production systems in isolation. Secondly, agroforestry encourages smallholders to diversify enterprises and create resilient farming systems. Yet there is a gap between “the ideal” adoption of agroforestry and “the fact” that it is seen by many as difficult to optimise and not widely adopted.