Chapter 9. MLN early warning and emergency preparedness plans
According to Article IV of the FAO-International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), the NPPOs are responsible for conducting surveillance of cultivated and wild plants to determine the status of pathogens/pests in the country (IPPC 2015-2016 Procedure Manual) including reporting of the outbreak (ISPM 17) occurrence, and spread of such pathogens/pests and their control. Article VIII of the IPPC describes the importance of the obligation to notify pathogen/pest occurrences and the status of such pathogens/pests to trading partners. However, it is upon the country-specific NPPOs and regional plant health authorities in collaboration with other partners to monitor for any new occurrence of a pathogen/pest, effectively control the threat, and inform the country authorities and regional neighbors on its occurrence.