Particularly in Latin America, agroecology has had a tangible and positive impact on crop yields, resource conservation, food security and food sovereignty (Altieri &Toledo,2011). It is important to highlight that agroecology has been traced back to its origin as an expression of resistance to industrial agriculture and the green revolution, a tool and an approach to achieve food sovereignty and as an alternative to current agri-food systems (Val & Rosset, 2020).

Ecuador, developed specific institutions related to agroecology (Sustainable and Agro-ecological
Productive Development Directorate; Undersecretary of Family and Peasant Agriculture) at the Minister of Agriculture; and an enabling policy framework. Despite this agroecology remain under developed. Ecuador has 9 policy instruments that can be used to enhance relevant programmatic interventions at MIES (IEPS), BanEcuador, MAATE (Socio Bosque), MAG (PITPPA) and MINEDU (TiNi).

Valdivia-Diaz, Merelyn; Le Coq, Jean-François.

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