Land degradation along a climatic gradient in Mali: Farmers' perceptions of causes and impacts
Land degradation (LD) in Mali is prevalent and leads to an enduring environmental and humanitarian crisis. Farmers’ ecological knowledge has proven to be a valuable tool in addressing its challenges. How farmers perceive LD affects how they deal with induced risks, and their responses to these perceptions will shape restoration options and outcomes. Therefore, this study assessed farmers’ perceptions of LD along a climatic gradient in three regions of Mali. We interviewed 270 farmers, and we analyzed their responses using descriptive statistics and Spearman rankorder correlation. We found that the respondents were aware of LD and have identified its key indicators and its impacts on their livelihoods.
Moreover, we found that farmers’ perceptions are not influenced by gender, age, or education level, but rather by agricultural training, participation in agricultural labor, the practice of fallowing, shortage of firewood, livestock, household size, appearance of some plant species and famine.