With an aim to ensure that research contributes to development outcomes, the CGIAR System as a whole reports its progress against the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework (SRF), comprising the three SLOs: to reduce poverty, to improve food and nutrition security, and to improve natural resources and ecosystem services. The SRF also sets out 10 aspirational System Level Outcome Targets for progress to 2022 and 2030, which relate to the international targets established for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
In 2018, an example of impact was reported by WHEAT, where the CGIAR global wheat breeding program continues to deliver high-yielding germplasm adapted to diverse growing regions worldwide, particularly for low-yielding environments (WHEAT, 2018).
In its annual report, RTB described the adoption of improved cassava varieties in Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Zambia which decreased the rate, depth and severity of food insecurity. Adoption yielded a 10.1% gain in overall average daily consumption per capita. Had it not been for the adoption of cassava technology, the rate of food insecurity would have been about 90%, suggesting that adoption of cassava technology led to approximately a 14-percentage point reduction in food insecurity. Adoption resulted in cutting the calorie deficit by 110 kilocalories per capita among the food insecure group of households. It was also found that adoption had a higher food insecurity-reducing impact among female-headed households than among male-headed households (RTB, 2018).
More examples of high-level impact of CGIAR varieties, technologies and other innovations reported in 2018 are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 (above) presents quantitative evidence of significant progress against the 10 aspirational System Level Outcome Targets of the SRF. It lists the targets, shows how they link to the relevant SDGs, and provides evidence based on available adoption and ex-post impact studies published in 2018 on the contribution of CGIAR to each target. Given that the timeframe for research to impact is typically 5-25 years for agricultural research, much of the evidence presented relates to earlier CGIAR research.
The evidence for progress towards the SLOs has been assessed to ensure that statements made reflect the evidence presented, reflect evidence published in 2018, and are clear and comprehensible.