DSI – the data derived from genetic resources – is transforming agricultural research and development by facilitating comparative analysis of genetic variation across an unprecedented diversity of genetic resources for food and agriculture. Coupled with phenotypic data, DSI is allowing us to gain knowledge about functional variation within and across genomes at exponentially accelerating rates.
This new knowledge makes it possible to precisely define the genetic sequences we can use for climate change adaptation, enhanced nutritional content, conservation, and more.
DSI can make positive contributions to all three objectives of the Convention for Biological Diversity (CBD):
· the conservation of biological diversity,
· the sustainable use of its components, and
· the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
Unfortunately, technological breakthroughs often widen the scientific capacity gap between developed and developing countries – something that cannot be allowed to happen with DSI.