New groundnut variety with high oil, high pod yields released in central India
Photo: Dr Shrikant L Sawargonkar, IGKV, observing state multilocation trials in Raipur (2019). ICRISAT.
A new groundnut variety, with 28% higher yields of oil and pods compared to zonal checks, has been released in Chhattisgarh state, India. This variety, Chhattisgarh Mungfali-1 (CGM-1), is the first ever groundnut variety released by Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV) in the new state which came into being in the year 2000.
At state-level multi-location trials conducted during 2018 and 2019, CGM-1 (ICGV 06420) recorded a mean pod yield of 4,200 kg/ha, which is 28% pod yield superiority over the Zonal checks TAG 24 and GG 8; and 14% superiority over JL 776.
In the national trials conducted in 2013 and 2014 under the All India Coordinated Groundnut Project on Groundnut (AICRP-G), it recorded an oil yield superiority of 28% over the best check GG 8, with an average oil content of 52% and a shelling outturn of 69%. It also recorded 27% higher pod yield over the zonal check in Zone 3 (which includes Chhattisgarh state).
CGM-1 is suitable for cultivation in three Agro-climatic Zones of the Chhattisgarh state, namely, Chhattisgarh plains, Northern Hills Zone and Bastar Plateau region of Chhattisgarh.