How is Kenya’s National Fertilizer Subsidy Program working?

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BY HAILEMARIAM AYALEW, JOSEPH KARUGIA, JOHN OLWANDE, AND CLEMENS BREISINGER
OPEN ACCESS | CC-BY-4.0

The Kenyan National Fertilizer Subsidy Program (NFSP), implemented during the short rainy season in September 2022, has emerged as a pivotal policy in the government’s efforts to expand food production and mitigate soaring food prices.

The program offers subsidized fertilizer at half the price of commercial fertilizer to anyone. With a subsidy outlay of 3.55 billion shillings ($23 million), the program is intended to bolster Kenya’s agricultural sector and help to stabilize food prices. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD), about 3.5 million 50 kilogram (kg) bags of subsidized fertilizer had been distributed in 41 of the country’s 47 counties from the inception of the NFSP through July 30, 2023.

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