Evaluation of in vitro digestion methods and starch structure components as determinants for predicting the glycemic index of rice
Shift in dietary practices and lower energy expenditure brought about by various socio-economic developments linked with urbanization has led to the emergence of obesity as a serious global concern. Recent statistics reported that 1.9 billion adults are overweight; of them 422 million have diabetes (World Health Organization, 2020). Consuming energy-rich foods and drinks create chronic hyperglycemia (Yan, 2014). Obesity and hyperglycemia contribute to the increased incidences of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), hypertension, and some cancers, among others, which account for more than 70% of annual deaths worldwide (World Health Organization, 2021).