Can direct benefits from PPP schemes trickle down beyond private business to the rest of society?

How do you measure public-private partnership schemes’ impacts to the society and environment? To answer this question, researchers from CIAT and the CGIAR Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) Research Program used the social return on investment (SROI) analysis, an appraisal and evaluation methodology that captures financial, social and environmental outcomes by using indicators and proxies to go beyond the standard financial measurement.