CGIAR Intellectual Asset Management

Maximizing global accessibility and impact

The CGIAR Principles on the Management of Intellectual Assets allow for two types of agreements which, although they place restrictions on global access, can be important to achieve impact for our target beneficiaries and further the CGIAR strategy. Please see our annual Intellectual Assets Reports for full details on how the CGIAR System uses intellectual assets to achieve impact.

CGIAR regards the results of its research and development activities as international  public goods and is committed to their widespread diffusion and use to achieve the  maximum possible access, scale, scope of impact and sharing of benefits to advantage  the poor, especially farmers in developing countries.

All Intellectual Assets produced or acquired by the System Organization and/or the Centers shall be managed in ways that maximize their global accessibility and/or ensure that they lead to the broadest possible impact on target beneficiaries in furtherance of CGIAR Vision. At times, CGIAR Research Centers may need to make semi-exclusive arrangements with respect to the management/use of IAs in order to create incentives for other organizations to take active roles in further developing those assets or making them available to farmers through market mechanisms.

Restricted Use Agreements

Accessing and using third party Intellectual Assets is essential to conduct the best research in furtherance of the CGIAR strategy. When providing such access and use, third parties may sometimes impose downstream restrictions on the global accessibility of the resulting intellectual assets (such as exclusivity, confidentiality, etc.). In certain cases, and under certain conditions Centers may deem it appropriate to enter into such agreements known as ‘Restricted Use Agreements’. For full details of conditions and examples of use refer to the CGIAR IA Principles, and the accompanying guidelines.

Limited Exclusivity Agreements

Centers may grant limited exclusivity for commercialization of their intellectual assets under certain conditions. These conditions include that the exclusivity must be as limited as possible in terms of duration and territory, and that such a restriction to access is necessary to enhance the impact for target beneficiaries. These kinds of agreements are referred to as ‘Limited Exclusivity Agreements’. For full details of conditions and examples of use refer to  the CGIAR IA Principles, and the accompanying guidelines.

Patents and Plant Variety Protection

CGIAR Centers are required to carefully consider whether to register/apply for (or allow third parties to register/apply for) patents and/or plant variety protection over the CGIAR Centers’ respective intellectual assets. As a general rule, such applications will not be made unless they are necessary for the further improvement of the intellectual assets or to enhance the scale or scope of impact on target beneficiaries, in furtherance of the CGIAR Vision. For full details of conditions and examples of use refer to the CGIAR IA Principles, and the accompanying guidelines.

Other relevant IA related documents

Public disclosures reported by Centers


  • Intellectual Asset Public Disclosures

    The International Rice Research Institute – Public disclosure regarding PCT application for “SPIKE”
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  • Intellectual Asset Public Disclosures

    Nigeria releases first generation of herbicide-resistant hybrids
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